按月存档: 2021/04

Zabbix监控oxidized备份状态

分类:运维技术日期:2021-04-16 - 14:15:38评论:0条作者:老谢

  原理是利用oxidized的hooks功能调用zabbix_sender推送数据给zabbix_server。

oxidized的config部分
hooks:
  node_success:
    type: exec
    events: [node_success]
    cmd: '
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k oxidized.datetime -o `date +%s`;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k oxidized.status -o 0;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_EVENT       -o $OX_EVENT;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_JOB_STATUS  -o $OX_JOB_STATUS;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_JOB_TIME    -o $OX_JOB_TIME;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_NODE_IP     -o $OX_NODE_IP;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_NODE_MODEL  -o $OX_NODE_MODEL;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_NODE_NAME   -o $OX_NODE_NAME'
 
    async: false
    timeout: 120
  node_fail:
    type: exec
    events: [node_fail]
    cmd: '
   /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k oxidized.datetime -o `date +%s`;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_EVENT       -o $OX_EVENT;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_JOB_STATUS  -o $OX_JOB_STATUS;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_JOB_TIME    -o $OX_JOB_TIME;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_NODE_IP     -o $OX_NODE_IP;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_NODE_MODEL  -o $OX_NODE_MODEL;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_NODE_NAME   -o $OX_NODE_NAME;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k oxidized.status -o 1'
    async: false
    timeout: 120
  post_store:
    type: exec
    events: [post_store]
    cmd: '
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k oxidized.datetime -o `date +%s`;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_EVENT       -o $OX_EVENT;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_JOB_STATUS  -o $OX_JOB_STATUS;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_JOB_TIME    -o $OX_JOB_TIME;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_NODE_IP     -o $OX_NODE_IP;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_NODE_MODEL  -o $OX_NODE_MODEL;
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k OX_NODE_NAME   -o ${OX_NODE_NAME};
    /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_sender -z zabbix_server_ip -s zabbix_agentd(server_name) -k oxidized.status -o 2'
    async: false
    timeout: 120

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Zabbix 5.0 LTS版本MySQL表分区及编译安装随记

分类:运维技术日期:2021-04-10 - 18:35:51评论:0条作者:老谢

Zabbix MySQL Database Partitioning 表分区优化禁用 housekeeping 提升历史数据清理性能

  Zabbix 默认会启用 housekeeping 功能用于清理 history/trend 等历史数据,当监控服务器数量增加,保留时间有要求的情况下,housekeeping 的清理策略就会造成 Zabbix Server 性能下降,比如查询历史监控数据等。Zabbix 官方的建议是直接在数据库按照时间唯独创建分区表并定时清理,好处自然就是减少 Zabbix Server 的负担提升 Zabbix 应用对于数据库读写性能。Zabbix 3.4 之后的版本增加了对 Elasticsearch 的支持。

 数据库的优化有横向和纵向扩展,这里使用数据的分布式,而分表可以看做是分布式的一种。。
  在zabbix_server.conf文件中,找到如下两个参数:
    (1)HousekeepingFrequency=1 解释:多久删除一次数据库里面的过期数据(间隔时间),默认一小时
    (2)MaxHousekeeperDelete=5000 解释:每次删除数据量的上线(最大删除量),默认5000

Zabbix 5.0 LTS版本MySQL表分区及编译安装随记

SELECT table_name AS "Tables",
round(((data_length + index_length) / 1024 / 1024), 2) "Size in MB"
FROM information_schema.TABLES
WHERE table_schema = 'zabbix'
ORDER BY (data_length + index_length) DESC;
 
+----------------------------+------------+
| Tables                     | Size in MB |
+----------------------------+------------+
| history_uint               |   16452.17 |
| history                    |    3606.36 |
| history_str                |    2435.03 |
| trends_uint                |     722.48 |
| trends                     |     176.28 |
| history_text               |      10.03 |
| alerts                     |       7.47 |
| items                      |       5.78 |
| triggers                   |       3.72 |
| events                     |       2.64 |
| images                     |       1.53 |
| items_applications         |       0.70 |
| item_discovery             |       0.58 |
| functions                  |       0.53 |
| event_recovery             |       0.38 |
| item_preproc               |       0.38 |
………………

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